Jeffrey joined Bath Spa University as a senior lecturer in law in July 2020. He is a tutor on the LLB programme and law pathways. His areas of expertise include: private law obligations; litigation; legal skills; legal theory; healthcare regulation and ethics.
Jeffrey has an extensive background in the law, entering legal practice in 1992 and subsequently qualifying as a Solicitor in England & Wales. He went onto become an equity partner in the national insurance risk and commercial law firm of Berrymans Lace Mawer (BLM), acting for insurers, professionals, public bodies and healthcare providers. His litigation practice covered a range of jurisdictions and occupational health, abuse and education related claims. His appellate court experience includes a successful claim in the European Court of Human Rights.
Jeffrey moved into academia in 2010, obtaining his Fellowship of the Higher Education Academy in 2013, and completing his doctorate in 2019. His interdisciplinary research concerns the regulation of reproductive healthcare, fertility and genetic data; and examines the intersect and connections between regulatory, ethical and practice norms.
- PhD, Bournemouth University
- FHEA, Higher Education Academy
- PGCE, Bournemouth University
- Solicitors' Final Examination, College of Law
- LLB (Hons), University of Southampton
- Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England And Wales
- Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
- Member of the Society of Legal Scholars
Other external roles
- External Examiner at Leeds Beckett University
- The English Legal System with Legal Method
- The Professional Lawyer - Part 1
Contact me about research related to:
- Legal theory
- Healthcare regulation and ethics
- Legal obligations
Jeffrey's underpinning research explores challenges to the human reproductive paradigm and specifically, the disruptive effect of emergent genetic screening technology on existing regulatory frameworks.
His work with Professor Roger Brownsword on genetic screening has started to generate socio-political impact. For example, in March 2017, Brownsword and Wale (and representatives from the Nuffield Council of Bioethics) met with two Ministers of State for Health and Social Care to discuss the implementation of non-invasive prenatal testing in the NHS foetal anomaly screening programme.
Jeffrey would be happy to supervise students interested in researching legal theory, legal obligations and healthcare regulation/ ethics.
Research and academic outputs
Wale, J (2021) Regulating decision-making in multiple pregnancy: an inquiry into the practice of fetal reduction. Cambridge Scholars, Newcastle upon Tyne. ISBN 9781527569812 (Forthcoming)
Brownsword, R and Wale, J (2018) 'Regulating in the global village: the case of non-invasive pre-natal tests.' In: Symeonidou-Kastanidou, E, Kipouridou, K, Milapidou, M and Vasileiou, M, eds. Medicine, law and the internet. Nomiki Bibliothiki S. A., Athens, Greece. ISBN 9789606224515
Brownsword, R and Wale, J (2016) 'The development of non-invasive prenatal testing: some legal and ethical questions.' In: Hruschka, J and Joerden, J.C, eds. Jahrbuch für Recht und Ethik = Annual Review of Law and Ethics 24. Duncker and Humblot, Berlin, pp. 31-48. ISBN 9783428150557
Brownsword, R and Wale, J (2015) 'Compromise medicalisation.' In: Stanton, C, Devaney, S, Farrell, A-M and Mullock, A, eds. Pioneering healthcare law: essays in honour of Margaret Brazier. Routledge, Abingdon, pp. 292-304. ISBN 9781138861091
Wale, J, Bruffell, M and Neild, P (2002) 'Occupational health & diseases.' In: Bateman, M, ed. Tolley's health and safety at work handbook. 14th ed. Tolleys, St. Ives.
Brownsword, R and Wale, J (2021) 'In ordinary times, in extraordinary times: consent, newborn screening, genetics, and pandemics.' BioLaw Journal - Rivista di BioDiritto, 1 (Sp). pp. 129-153. ISSN 2284-4503
Rowlands, S and Wale, J (2020) 'A constructivist vision of the first-trimester abortion experience.' Health and Human Rights Journal, 22 (1). pp. 237-250. ISSN 2150-4113
Wale, J and Rowlands, S (2020) 'The ethics of state-sponsored and clinical promotion of long-acting reversible contraception.' BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health. ISSN 2515-1991
Wale, J and Rowlands, S (2020) 'Incentivised sterilisation: lessons from India and for the future.' The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care. ISSN 1362-5187
Wale, J (2019) 'Regulating disruptive technology and informational interests in the arena of reproductive tests.' Journal of Information Rights, Policy and Practice, 3 (1). ISSN 2398-5437
Rowlands, S and Wale, J (2019) 'Sterilisations at delivery or after childbirth: addressing continuing abuses in the consent process.' Global Public Health, 14 (8). pp. 1153-1166. ISSN 1744-1692
Brownsword, R and Wale, J (2018) 'Testing times ahead: non-invasive prenatal testing and the kind of community we want to be.' Modern Law Review, 81 (4). pp. 646-672. ISSN 0026-7961
Wale, J (2018) 'Screening human life - the legal and ethical implications of non-invasive prenatal testing.' AMPS Proceedings Journal Series, 11. pp. 20-28. ISSN 2398-9467
Brownsword, R and Wale, J (2017) 'The right to know and the right not to know revisited.' Asian Bioethics Review, 9 (1-2). pp. 3-18. ISSN 1793-8759
Don’t forget the legal framework: the public provision of non-invasive prenatal testing in England and Wales
Wale, J (2015) 'Don’t forget the legal framework: the public provision of non-invasive prenatal testing in England and Wales.' Medical Law International, 15 (4). pp. 203-215. ISSN 0968-5332
When worlds collide - non-state actors, philanthropy, and the commercial promotion of fertility control options in low- and middle-income countries
Wale, J and Rowlands, S (2021) When worlds collide - non-state actors, philanthropy, and the commercial promotion of fertility control options in low- and middle-income countries. In: Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, 30 March - 1 April 2021, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.
Wale, J (2020) Negotiating interests: revisiting the role of consent in newborn genetic screening. In: The Society of Legal Scholars Annual Conference, 1 - 4 September 2020, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
Wale, J (2019) Regulating medical decision-making: a qualitative study of fetal reduction in multiple pregnancy. PhD thesis, Bournemouth University.
Wale, J (2015) Commentary: Greater Glasgow Health Board v Doogan & Another  UKSC 68. UK Health Care Law.