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Rui Paulo

Personal statement

Rui Paulo is a Lecturer in Forensic Psychology at Bath Spa University. He is currently the module leader for PS5100-20 (Forensic and Investigative Psychology) and the supervisor of several dissertation and postgraduate students.

His research is primarily focused on applied human memory (particularly eyewitness memory) and investigative interviewing of crime witnesses, victims, and suspects.

He is mainly interested in developing and testing new procedures to enhance eyewitness memory and obtaining more accurate information from crime witnesses during criminal investigations. Recently, he is conducting research on how category clustering retrieval strategies can be used during criminal investigations to improve eyewitness memory, particularly a technique his team recently developed called Category Clustering Recall.

He previously worked as an Assistant Professor in Psychology at ISPA University, as a Researcher at the University of Minho (where he also did his MSc and PhD), and as a Visiting Researcher at the University of Portsmouth. He taught and coordinated modules related to Forensic Psychology, Eyewitness Testimony, Research Methods, and Memory.

He frequently collaborates with different professionals such as members of the police forces and he is actively involved in the research community as an editor, reviewer, and author of several articles in peer-reviewed journals, handbooks, and books.

Academic qualifications

  • PhD, Psychology
  • MSc, Forensic Psychology
  • BSc, Psychology.

Areas of expertise

  • Human Memory
  • Investigative Interviewing
  • Forensic Psychology.

Research and academic outputs

Go to ResearchSPAce

DETECTS: teste de deteção da simulação de problemas de memória [DETECTS: a memory performance validity test]
book

Paulo, R.M (2014) DETECTS: teste de deteção da simulação de problemas de memória [DETECTS: a memory performance validity test]. Novas Edições Acadêmicas, Saarbrücken. ISBN 9783639740394


The impact of the cognitive interview in the UK and recent research in Portugal
book_section

Bull, R, Paulo, R.M and Albuquerque, P.B (2019) 'The impact of the cognitive interview in the UK and recent research in Portugal.' In: Dickinson, J.J, Compo, N.S, Carol, R, Schwartz, B.L and McCauley, M.R, eds. Evidence-based investigative interviewing: applying cognitive principles. Routledge, New York, NY, pp. 29-41. ISBN 9781138064690


Dissimulação
book_section

Paulo, R.M (2019) 'Dissimulação.' In: Nunes, L, Fonte, C, Alves, S, Sani, A, Estrada, R and Caridade, S, eds. Dicionário enciclopédico comportamento e saúde mental. Pactor, Lisboa.


Mentira
book_section

Paulo, R.M (2019) 'Mentira.' In: Nunes, L, Fonte, C, Alves, S, Sani, A, Estrada, R and Caridade, S, eds. Dicionário enciclopédico comportamento e saúde mental. Pactor, Lisboa.


Técnicas de entrevista com crianças e adolescentes em contexto policial e forense
book_section

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2018) 'Técnicas de entrevista com crianças e adolescentes em contexto policial e forense.' In: Oliveira, M and Pinto, P, eds. Da infância à terceira idade: intervenção em contextos de violência e crime. Guia prático para estudantes e profissionais. Mais Leituras Editora, Porto. ISBN 9789897300608


Mentira [Lie]
book_section

Paulo, R.M (2016) 'Mentira [Lie].' In: Maia, R, Nunes, L, Caridade, S, Sani, A, Estrada, R, Nogueira, C, Fernandes, H and Afonso, L, eds. Dicionário crime justiça e sociedade. Edições Sílabo, Lisbon.


Confissões [Confessions]
book_section

Paulo, R.M (2016) 'Confissões [Confessions].' In: Maia, R, Nunes, L, Caridade, S, Sani, A, Estrada, R, Nogueira, C, Fernandes, H and Afonso, L, eds. Dicionário crime justiça e sociedade. Edições Sílabo, Lisbon.


Entrevista investigativa [Investigative interview]
book_section

Paulo, R.M (2016) 'Entrevista investigativa [Investigative interview].' In: Maia, R, Nunes, L, Caridade, S, Sani, A, Estrada, R, Nogueira, C, Fernandes, H and Afonso, L, eds. Dicionário crime justiça e sociedade. Edições Sílabo, Lisbon.


É possível obter um bom testemunho? A entrevista cognitiva melhorada: investigação com uma amostra portuguesa [Is it possible to obtain a good report? The enhanced cognitive interview: research with a Portuguese population]
book_section

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2016) 'É possível obter um bom testemunho? A entrevista cognitiva melhorada: investigação com uma amostra portuguesa [Is it possible to obtain a good report? The enhanced cognitive interview: research with a Portuguese population].' In: Nunes, L, Sani, A and Caridade, S, eds. Crime justiça e sociedade: visões interdisciplinares. Edições CRIAP, Porto, pp. 159-179.


Adaptation of the RSU scale for the Portuguese population
book_section

Ribeiro, I, Ferreira, G, Oliveira, I, Saraiva, M, Miranda, P and Paulo, R.M (2010) 'Adaptation of the RSU scale for the Portuguese population.' In: Almeida, L.S, Silva, B.D and Caires, S, eds. Actas do I seminário internacional 'Contributos da Psicologia em Contextos Educativos'. University of Minho, Braga.


Witnesses’ verbal evaluation of certainty and uncertainty during investigative interviews: relationship with report accuracy
article

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2019) 'Witnesses’ verbal evaluation of certainty and uncertainty during investigative interviews: relationship with report accuracy.' Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. ISSN 0882-0783


Detecting memory performance validity with DETECTS: a computerized performance validity test
article

Paulo, R.M and Albuquerque, P.B (2017) 'Detecting memory performance validity with DETECTS: a computerized performance validity test.' Applied Neuropsychology: Adult. ISSN 2327-9095


Enhancing the cognitive interview with an alternative procedure to witness-compatible questioning: category clustering recall
article

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B, Vitorino, F and Bull, R (2017) 'Enhancing the cognitive interview with an alternative procedure to witness-compatible questioning: category clustering recall.' Psychology, Crime & Law, 23 (10). pp. 967-982. ISSN 1477-2744


Improving the enhanced cognitive interview with a new interview strategy: category clustering recall
article

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2016) 'Improving the enhanced cognitive interview with a new interview strategy: category clustering recall.' Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30 (5). pp. 775-784. ISSN 0888-4080


The enhanced cognitive interview: expressions of uncertainty, motivation and its relation with report accuracy
article

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2016) 'The enhanced cognitive interview: expressions of uncertainty, motivation and its relation with report accuracy.' Psychology, Crime & Law, 22 (4). pp. 366-381. ISSN 1068-316X


The Enhanced Cognitive Interview: testing appropriateness perception, memory capacity and error estimate relation with report quality
article

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B, Saraiva, M and Bull, R (2015) 'The Enhanced Cognitive Interview: testing appropriateness perception, memory capacity and error estimate relation with report quality.' Applied Cognitive Psychology, 29 (4). pp. 536-543. ISSN 0888-4080


Entrevista de crianças e adolescentes em contexto policial e forense: uma perspectiva do desenvolvimento = Investigative interviewing of children and adolescents: a developmental perspective
article

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2015) 'Entrevista de crianças e adolescentes em contexto policial e forense: uma perspectiva do desenvolvimento = Investigative interviewing of children and adolescents: a developmental perspective.' Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 28 (3). pp. 623-631. ISSN 1678-7153


Adaptação e validação da escala Reading Strategy Use para a população Portuguesa = Adaptation and validation of the Reading Strategy Use scale for the Portuguese population
article

Ribeiro, I, Dias, O, Oliveira, I.M, Miranda, P, Ferreira, G, Saraiva, M, Paulo, R.M and Cadime, I (2015) 'Adaptação e validação da escala Reading Strategy Use para a população Portuguesa = Adaptation and validation of the Reading Strategy Use scale for the Portuguese population.' Revista Iberoamericana de Diagnóstico y Evaluación – e Avaliação Psicológica, 40 (2). pp. 25-36.


A entrevista cognitiva melhorada: pressupostos teóricos, investigação e aplicação [The Enhanced Cognitive Interview: theory, research and implementation]
article

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2014) 'A entrevista cognitiva melhorada: pressupostos teóricos, investigação e aplicação [The Enhanced Cognitive Interview: theory, research and implementation].' Psicologia, 28 (2). pp. 21-30. ISSN 2183-2471


La entrevista cognitiva mejorada: cómo interrogar a un testigo de manera eficaz [The cognitive interview: how to effectively interview a witness]
article

Paulo, R.M, Luna, K and Albuquerque, P.B (2014) 'La entrevista cognitiva mejorada: cómo interrogar a un testigo de manera eficaz [The cognitive interview: how to effectively interview a witness].' Ciencia Cognitiva, 8 (1). pp. 12-14.


The Enhanced Cognitive Interview: towards a better use and understanding of this procedure
article

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2013) 'The Enhanced Cognitive Interview: towards a better use and understanding of this procedure.' International Journal of Police Science & Management, 15 (3). pp. 190-199. ISSN 1461-3557


Category clustering recall: a new recall strategy to enhance eyewitnesses’ memory during investigative interviews
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2018) Category clustering recall: a new recall strategy to enhance eyewitnesses’ memory during investigative interviews. In: Psychonomic Society Annual Meeting, 15 - 18 November 2018, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, USA.


The cognitive interview: new procedures to enhance witnesses’ report and evaluate report accuracy
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2016) The cognitive interview: new procedures to enhance witnesses’ report and evaluate report accuracy. In: International Conference on Memory (ICOM6), 17 - 22 July 2016, ELTE University, Budapest, Hungary.


The cognitive interview: new procedures to further enhance report size and evaluate accuracy
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2016) The cognitive interview: new procedures to further enhance report size and evaluate accuracy. In: International Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, 5 - 8 May 2016, Congress Palace, Granada, Spain.


The cognitive interview: new procedures to further enhance report size and evaluate accuracy
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2016) The cognitive interview: new procedures to further enhance report size and evaluate accuracy. In: 11th Meeting of the Portuguese Experimental Psychology Society, 2016, ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal.


The cognitive interview: new procedures to further enhance report size and evaluate accuracy
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2015) The cognitive interview: new procedures to further enhance report size and evaluate accuracy. In: International Conference on Psychology & Law, 4 - 7 August 2015, Arts and Crafts Museum, Nuremberg, Germany.


Investigative interviewing of children and adolescents
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2015) Investigative interviewing of children and adolescents. In: International Congress: Children and the Law, 11 -13 June 2015, Fernando Pessoa University, Porto, Portugal.


Is it possible to obtain a good testimony? Study about the efficacy of the cognitive interview with a Portuguese sample
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2015) Is it possible to obtain a good testimony? Study about the efficacy of the cognitive interview with a Portuguese sample. In: 2nd International Congress on Crime, Justice, and Society, 2015, Fernando Pessoa University, Porto, Portugal.


The cognitive interview: new procedures to enhance report size and accuracy
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2015) The cognitive interview: new procedures to enhance report size and accuracy. In: 10th Meeting of the Portuguese Experimental Psychology Society, 2015, University of Algarve, Faro, Portugal.


How to interview a crime witness? Using the Cognitive Interview with Portuguese population
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2014) How to interview a crime witness? Using the Cognitive Interview with Portuguese population. In: Symposium on Psychological Research, 2014, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.


The Cognitive Interview: evaluating its efficacy with portuguese population and studying other important variables
conference_item

Paulo, R.M, Albuquerque, P.B and Bull, R (2014) The Cognitive Interview: evaluating its efficacy with portuguese population and studying other important variables. In: 9th Meeting of the Portuguese Experimental Psychology Society, 2014, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.


Adaptation of the RSU scale for the portuguese population
conference_item

Ribeiro, I, Ferreira, G, Oliveira, I, Saraiva, M, Miranda, P and Paulo, R.M (2010) Adaptation of the RSU scale for the portuguese population. In: First International Congress of Psychology in Educational Contexts, 2010, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.


Using the RSU with elementary school students
conference_item

Ferreira, G, Oliveira, I, Saraiva, M, Miranda, P and Paulo, R.M (2010) Using the RSU with elementary school students. In: Jornadas de Iniciação à Investigação em Psicologia, October 2010, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.


Producing false memories through the DRM paradigm: the role of theme identifiability and word strength association
conference_item

Albuquerque, P.B, Resende, A, Paulo, R.M and Capelo, M.C (2010) Producing false memories through the DRM paradigm: the role of theme identifiability and word strength association. In: 1st Joint Conference of the Experimental Psychology Society (EPS) and the Spanish Experimental Psychological Society (SEPEX), 2010, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.


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