Pathways to Resilience adopts multi-disciplinary approaches to disaster knowledge, seeking to empower lasting impact and bolster disaster resilience in India's Kullu district.
Hazards such as floods, landslides, earthquakes, avalanches, wildfires, crop infestations and epidemics can result in significant detrimental impact to health and wealth of people around the world, most especially the vulnerable and transient. It is therefore important that society works together in new and open ways to find solutions to this challenge.
The Indian Himalayan State of Himachal Pradesh has high levels of risk to environmental hazards, at times resulting in disastrous consequences. The region is also undergoing rapid change due to urban population growth, increasing tourism, and hydro-electric power construction and is prone to climate change and variability. These act to modify the vulnerability, exposure and risk conditions, making it all the more important to reduce losses by implementing effective disaster risk reduction.
In this vein, existing mountain hazard research in the Kullu Valley reveals a breadth of oral, documentary and landscape evidence that has yet to be fully integrated, so a genuine opportunity exists to make a difference to disaster risk reduction efforts in Himachal Pradesh.
We are grateful to the following organisations for providing funding for this project.
- Bath Spa University
- Santander Universities Scheme
- The University of Winnipeg.
Outputs and outcomes
Academic outputs are detailed on Bath Spa's ResearchSpace. Key materials can be found in the following publications:
Johnson, R.M, Edwards, E, Gardner, J.S and Diduck, A.P (2018) 'Community vulnerability and resilience in disaster risk reduction: an example from Phojal Nalla, Himachal Pradesh, India.' Regional Environmental Change.
Johnson, R.M, Edwards, E, Gardner, J and Mohan, B (2014) 'Village heritage and resilience in damaging floods and debris flows, Kullu Valley, Indian Himalaya.' In: Convery, I, Corsane, G and Davis, P, eds. Displaced heritage: responses to disaster, trauma, and loss. Heritage matters. Boydell Press, Woodbridge, pp. 207-224.
Film and video
Disaster Risk Reduction film provides a universal means of connecting people and fostering valuable bonds between communities and researchers, which can open doors to knowledge that was never previously envisaged. Film is proving to be a catalytic tool for public engagement with village communities, responsible government agencies and NGOs.
We are continuing to evaluate the impact outcomes of our project engagement, and these films form a part of that impact. The films are the direct endeavour of Bath Spa University, Kraft Films (Bangalore) and the G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development. They are underpinned by the research endeavours of our tri-lateral project team (as listed below).
Three versions of the DRR film include:
- AMCDRR (above): A short (5 minute) English language film produced as a competition entry for the 8th Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, July 2018 (AMCDRR). This event was inter-governmental, and was jointly hosted by the Government of Mongolia and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
- Pathways to Resilience in the Indian Himalaya: A longer (21 minute) English language film produced as a competition entry for the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council's (AHRC) Research in Film Awards 2018. The film demonstrates the benefits of bringing methodologies and understandings from the arts and humanities into dialogue with those in the sciences and social sciences.
- DRR Kullu District: A longer (15 minute) Hindi language film produced for public engagement in the Kullu Valley and beyond. This builds on the core ideas of the other films, but takes the next step; it directly empowers local people to discuss what they already know and most importantly what they could individually and collectively contribute to improving DRR in the Kullu District. This film has been screened in five mountain village meetings in the Phojal Nalla catchment (June 2018), at a DRR Policy-Practice Workshop (June 2018), and in partnership with State and District Disaster Management Authorities at the internationally renowned Kullu Dussehra festival, to be attended by c.500,000 people (October 2018).
Bath Spa University
- Dr Kesar Chand, GB Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, Himachal Regional Centre, Kullu
- Professor Alan Diduck, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg
- Professor James Gardner (Emeritus), University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
- Dr Jagdish Chandra Kuniyal, G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, Himachal Regional Centre, Kullu
- Professor Dev Dutt Sharma, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla